Salas-Vega, S. & Mossialos, E. LSE Health & Social Care Blog. Published online: 5 January 2017
To shed light on the clinical risks and benefits from new cancer medicines, we took a narrative synthesis approach to review regulatory assessments of the impact on overall survival, quality of life, and safety from all cancer medicines newly licensed in the US and EU between 2003-2013. For this, two researchers evaluated appraisals from English (National Institute of Health and Care Excellence, NICE), French (Haute Autorité de Santé, HAS) and Australian (Pharmaceutical Benefits Advisory Committee, PBAC) health technology assessment (HTA) agencies that were published through May 2015.
We find that while most new cancer drugs approved between 2003 and 2013 extended overall survival or improved the quality of life of cancer patients, their clinical benefits vary widely. Improvements in overall survival and quality of life also often come at the cost of safety, and there are reasons to question whether claims of clinical benefits have been matched by those observed in real-world settings.