Can artificial UV radiation cause malignant melanoma in humans?

A new study published in the Anticancer Research journal, refutes reports from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the EU.

The international team of researchers has conducted a thorough search of the scientific databases MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science for relevant studies and subjected the results to a systematic meta-analysis.

 

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Although the team found an association of a slightly increased melanoma risk when comparing ‘ever’ versus ‘never’ sunbed users, they identified significant shortcomings in the scientific studies they included in their meta-analysis. Many of the earlier published results were based on observational studies with poor quality data that fail to support causation.

Full story at  Science Daily 

 

Full reference: Burgard et al. Solarium Use and Risk for Malignant Melanoma: Meta-analysis and Evidence-based Medicine Systematic Review | Anticancer Research| 2018 DOI: 10.21873/anticanres.12339

 

A related publication  critically appraises reports recently published by the WHO and the EU regarding sun bed use.  The authors are  deeply concerned that these assessments appear to be based on an incomplete, unbalanced and non-critical evaluation of the literature.

Professor Reichrath, one of the researchers,  cautions that “the current state of scientific knowledge in the field does not allow one to conclude that moderate solarium use results in an increased risk of malignant melanoma.”

Full reference: Reichrath et al. A Critical Appraisal of the Recent Reports on Sunbeds from the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Health, Environmental and Emerging Risks and from the Word Health Organization. Anticancer Research, 2018 DOI: 10.21873/anticanres.12330

 

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